Organic waste is any fabric that comes from both a plant or an animal, and may be decomposed by way of means of microorganisms (biodegradable) into carbon dioxide, methane, and easy natural molecules, or includes the remains, residues, or waste merchandise of any organism.
Types of organic wastes
Municipal solid wastes- MSW (Municipal solid wastes), more commonly known as trash or garbage, include everyday items we use and then throw away. It includes product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, food scraps, appliances, paint, newspapers, and batteries.
Cattle wastes- Cattle wastes are wastes that are produced by animals. This is a significant contributor to the nation’s organic wastes considering we have a large population of livestock. In the year 2020, India alone had 303 million cows.
Food wastes- To put it simply, Food waste is food that is not eaten. However, it doesn’t only involve the end-user but the complete Food System. In more simple words, food waste or food loss occurs throughout the food system, during production, processing, distribution, retail, and consumption.
Some of the examples of food wastes include peelings, cores, leaves, fruits, twigs, outer skins, and sludges.
Methods of organic waste recycling
Animal feed- This method of recycling organic waste includes feeding agricultural and food waste to cattle and other animals as food.
It is one of the most common, simple, and efficient ways of recycling organic waste.
This method has many advantages like reduced pressure on landfills, reduced methane production from fruits and vegetables, and the lack of need to convert organic waste into some other forms.
Farmers also benefit from it as they don’t have to buy the food for their cattle. This eventually helps the economy.
Some organic wastes are not good for the animals and lead to major health issues in them. Therefore, many countries like the US have made regulations on the type & the condition of the food given to the animals.
Composting- Perhaps the most popular method, it utilizes microorganisms that are naturally present in organic matter and soil to decompose organic materials. This results in recycling nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and other soil nutrients into humus-rich components.
Why is there a need for Organic waste management?
Organic waste accounts for most of the waste created in nature. The need for organic waste management or recycling has increased over the years as waste management became an emerging issue in many metropolitan cities.
This is because of the excess moisture content present in the Urban organic waste that increases its volume and lowers its incinerator temperatures, causing the overload of waste.
To deal with such issues, various treatment methods and practices have been formulated and introduced throughout the world.
Importance of Waste Management
Most groups generate specific kinds of liquid wastes and want to make certain that they’re disposed of withinside the proper manner. These wastes can consist of whatever from acid and wash waters to oil and oils. There are very stringent policies in Australia on how wastes may be disposed of, and also you can not launch them into the overall waste stream. The specific kinds of liquid wastes that might be generated by way of means of groups consist of:
– Grease trap
– Industrial water
– Portable toilet
– Septic tanks
– Cooking oils
Waste management involves the normal collection, transportation in addition to processing and disposal or recycling and tracking of various kinds of waste materials. These offerings can keep your enterprise a large amount of money, and also can save you the surroundings from being harmed.