The ILO estimates that some 2.3 million women and men around the world succumb to work-related accidents or diseases every year; this corresponds to over 6000 deaths every single day. Worldwide, there are around 340 million occupational accidents and 160 million victims of work-related illnesses annually. The ILO updates these estimates at intervals, and the updates indicate an increase of accidents and ill health.
Some of the major findings in the ILO’s latest statistical data on occupational accidents and diseases, and work-related deaths on a world-wide level include the following:
Diseases related to work cause the most deaths among workers. Hazardous substances alone are estimated to cause 651,279 deaths a year.
The construction industry has a disproportionately high rate of recordedaccidents.
Younger and older workers are particularly vulnerable. The ageing population in developed countries means that an increasing number of older persons are working and need special consideration.
The staff of any organisation is considered to be prime asset.Workersor employees expect from employers to demonstrate a proper and adequate commitment to health and safety to his workforce. It is unacceptable to place workforce in situations where the health and safety of workers is at risk.If the proper attention is not being given to manage the health and safety family values can be affected due to accident or ill health.
Attitudes in society are increasingly focusing on health, safety and environmental issues. The media regularly expose instance of people’s health and safety being placed at risk.Family values can be affected if health and safety is neglected. Linked to the humanitarian objective of accident prevention is employee morale, customer relationships and public relations, all of which can be badly affected by a poor accident or ill-health record. Organizations regard their staff as their prime assets and they have a moral obligation to prevent unnecessary suffering and loss of life. Most companies do not set out to cause harm, but they fail to take effective steps to manage health and safety with shocking results.
There are various organization institutions and system for making law around the world including such bodies as parliaments, military rulers and religious leaders.There is no any standard principle for enforcement of health and safety law however there are different enforcement agencies which implement health and safety. The enforcement may vary from country to country depending upon the culture of that country.
Although health and safety legislation may exist in a country, it does not mean that it is complied with. To prevent accident and ill-health enforcement may be necessary to ensure compliance. Enforcement authorities are usually government bodies and are normally given powers to deal with breaches of legislation and any situations which they consider to be unsafe.
There are many bodies around the world which working toward the betterment of Health and Safety. Their role is to make sure the Health and Safety standards are being followed and implemented at utmost priority by emphasis the employer responsibilities as well as the employee responsibilities. Most common bodies are:
International Labour Orgnisation (ILO)
Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA)
British Standard Institute BSI
International Standards Organiation ISO
Europe Union EU