What are the 4 Basic Types of Electronic Components?

Electronic Components

Electronic components are those components that build up a circuit. The circuit could be for something as simple as a clock or as complex as a motor drive. Every electronic component in a circuit has a different role. Therefore, the design of these components is paramount. 

For this reason, electronic component manufacturing is a complex process and requires precision tools and high expertise. The demand for metal stamped electronic components are on the rise. The driving force behind the trend is the gamut of benefits metal stamping offers for electronic components manufacturers. 

Progressive metal stamping is one of the popular metal stamping techniques to create electronic components. Here a series of metal stamping operations are carried out in a single progressive die. This eliminates the need to lift the metal sheet. The technique also optimally utilizes the base material to create perfect metal parts leaving behind fewer scraps. 

A significant advantage of progressive metal is its high repeatability, which results in a fast production rate. It attracts electronics component manufacturers as it eagles them to finish orders on time with high precision and quality.

This article discusses some of the basic metal stamped electronic components widely used in circuits for applications across industrial verticals.

Before we delve into the components, let us give you a brief classification of electronic components. It will help you understand the four basic electronic components better.

Classification of electronic components

1. Active electronic components

Active electronic components are those which require an external power source to function in a circuit. These components contribute to the power of the circuit as well. 

Examples: amplifier, DC power supply

2.Passive electronic components

Passive electronic components do not require an external power source to function in a circuit. These either consume the power or stay neutral in the circuits. 

Examples: resistor, capacitor

3.Electromechanical components

Electromechanical electronic components use electrical power to make mechanical changes to the circuit. 

Examples: switches and relays.

4 basic electronic components

1.Capacitor

The capacitor is one of the most used electronic components. A capacitor consists of two plates placed at two sides of a dielectric. This component is mainly used as a storage or charging component in a circuit. 

Since the capacitor does not require any external power source and consumes power from the circuit, it is classified as a passive component. Capacitor stores charges between the two conductive plates. 

Capacitance is the ability of a capacitor to store charges. It depends on the surface area of the plates and the length between the two plates. The unit for capacitance in Farads(F).

Capacitors come in various shapes and sizes, depending on the application and rating. Some of the common capacitors are mica, electrolytic, film, and ceramic capacitors. The progressive metal stamping makes it easier to mass-produce capacitors of all types. 

2.Connectors

The connector is an electronic component that connects electrical conductors and an electromechanical electronic component. It comes in two genders-female and male connectors. 

The male connectors are usually called plugins that connect to the socket(female connectors). 

The most common connectors are board-to-board connectors, board-to-wire connectors, and wire-to-wire connectors. 

The designs for these connectors vary with the electronic circuit and its applications. 

Most electronic component manufacturers around the globe supply customized connectors to suit the customer’s designs.

3.Resistor

Resistors are the passive electronic component almost omnipresent in every electronic circuit. It resists the current flow that creates a voltage drop across the device. It is used for a variety of applications and comes in different shapes, sizes and ratings.

The resistance measures the ability of the resistor to resist the current flow. The resistance depends on the type and dimensions of the material. Therefore precision is of utmost importance in manufacturing resistors. 

Hence, electronics component manufacturers generally choose progressive stamping to create high-precision resistors.  

4.Relays

Relays are an important electronic component and are usually electromechanical or active devices. Relays send signals to the circuit to perform an action when a predefined event occurs. 

Progressive metal stamped relays with high design accuracy and efficiency to respond to signals on time. 

Conclusion

The four basic types of electronic components discussed here are the building blocks of electronic circuits. These days most electronic component manufacturers offer these components of high accuracy.

56 thoughts on “What are the 4 Basic Types of Electronic Components?

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